Thursday, June 11, 2020

Intervention to Improve Self-Esteem in Those with Eating Disorders - Free Essay Example

Abstract The intention of this study was to examine the relationship between self-esteem and eating disorders and creating an intervention to increase self-esteem and decrease the amount of people diagnosed with an eating disorder. In the study we are focusing specifically on anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is a serious and a potential life-threatening eating disorder which is characterized by the person starving themselves leading to tremendous weight loss (Anorexia Diagnosis, n.d.). The individual sees themselves as though they are overweight, when they are underweight. This study will extend research on anorexia and self-esteem because we will be measuring both the control and the experimental group readiness with the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ) on where they stand on getting better and determining if self-esteem is in any way the casual of eating disorders increasing. The participants will be 100 randomly assigned female young adults from an eating disorder center. They will be split randomly into two groups with one getting the two-month intervention and the others following their regular treatment. The main reason for this study is to see if the intervention will affect the participants in a positive way and help increase their self-esteem as they battle and try to overcome their eating disorder. The expected results are that those who received the intervention will have an increase in self-esteem and their readiness to get bette r will also increase, unlike those who did not by showing little to no change. Keywords: self-esteem; intervention; anorexia nervosa; eating disorders; ANSOCQ Intervention to Improve Self-Esteem in Those with Eating Disorders Introduction Background According to Eating Disorders: About More Than Food (n.d.) the mental disorder with the highest mortality rate is anorexia nervosa. It states that anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder in which an individual sees themselves as though they are overweight, when they are underweight. That causes individuals with that condition to obsess over what they consume therefore only eating very small quantities and excessive exercise. Individuals with anorexia tend to starve themselves to feel some sense of control over their body. (Eating Disorders, n.d.). In the article Prevalence and treatment of eating disorders among Hispanics/Latino Americans in the United States Perez (2016) states that recent research on lifetime prevalence rates of eating disorder among Hispanics/Latinos within the US is 0.08% for anorexia nervosa, which is significantly lower when compared with non-Hispanic White samples (0.39%) in the US (Perez, Ohrt, Hoek, 2016). The authors suggest that there is some type of Latino culture that protects the further development of anorexia nervosa. There have been various studies that confirm low self-esteem is a factor of vulnerability for eating disorders (Obeid, 2013). According to that article self-esteem is having confidence in ones self and accepting yourself how you are. If there is a relationship with self-esteem and eating disorders, will doing an intervention to help increase self-esteem work to decrease eating disorders? Literature Review In a recent study conducted by Collin (2016) he explored the relationship between multi-dimensional self-esteem and eating disorder symptoms in an inpatient treatment. Collins results indicated that only some aspects of self-esteem were relevant in eating disorder outcomes. One aspect of self-esteem that results did show effect in the relationship between self-esteem and eating disorders was body appearance. The results suggested that the relationship between self-esteem and anorexia is not directly weight loss but rather everything else that goes on (Collin, Karatzias, Power, Howard, Grierson, Yellowlees, 2016). Another recent study done by Mendelson, B. K., (2002) explores the differences of someones self-esteem who has an eating disorder versus someone who does not. That study was aimed to clarify the relationship of self-esteem and body-esteem on both eating disordered and noneating disordered participants by using a multidimensional measure. The women who had an eating disorder scored lower on both body esteem and self-esteem than the ones who dont suffer from eating disorders. This study came to show that self-esteem is dependent on body esteem to women with eating disorders (Mendelson, B. K., McLaren, L., Gauvin, L., Steiger, H., 2002). The results of another study from the article The Thinner the Better suggested that patients with Anorexia Nervosa benefited from having low body weight in the time of the disorder. It stated that their satisfaction of a motive of achievement (such as getting thinner) increased instead of decreased the self-esteem of patients with anorexia Nervosa. However, once the patient recovered from anorexia, their body weight and self-esteem did not seem to correlate with one another. Even then when they compared the scores of the healthy women who have never had anorexia with the ones who have the self-esteem scores were still low (Brockmeyer, Holrforth, Bents, Kammerer, Herzog, Friedrich, 2013) The purpose of the current study is to do an intervention to increase self-esteem in women that are struggling with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa. The current study will measure the change in an individuals self-esteem before and after the experimental study takes place within the two-month period. This study will extend research on anorexia and self-esteem because I will be measuring both the control and the experimental group readiness on where they stand on getting better and determining if self-esteem is in any way the casual of eating disorders increasing. It is expected that the group given the intervention will show an increase in self-esteem after unlike the group who will not be getting the intervention. Method Research Design   This will be an experimental study. The design of the experiment will be independent measures. One group will require to have one intervention meeting every week for two months, while the other group will not have any intervention whatsoever. Participants The participants for this experimental group will be 100 female young adults recruited from an eating recovery center. The 100 females will be picked randomly from the association. The participants chosen can choose to take place on the experiment or not. Not participating will not affect their treatment. They will be split in two different groups and will be randomly assigned. One group being the control group and the other the group getting the intervention. The criteria for the participants to be assigned to join is for the individual to be a female who has been diagnosed to have an eating disorder within the ages 15-25. Materials Survey. Will measure individuals self-esteem and self-image of themselves. To be taken in both groups on first and last day of the experimental study to see if there are any positive changes. Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire. (ANSOCQ) This questionnaire will help us determine what patients are ready to recover from anorexia and which are not. It will help us see if there is a change on their readiness whether they went through the intervention or not. Everyone will answer the questionnaire in both groups on both meeting times. The ANSOCQ determines whether the participants are in the precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, or maintenance stage of being ready to change multiple things of their anorexic characterized symptoms (Rieger, Touvz, Beumont, 2002). This questionnaire provides a strong support for the psychometric properties (reliability and validity). The development of it proves to have a reliable, valid, and a clinically informative way of showing a patients readiness on changing their anorexia nervosa symptoms (Rieger, Touvz, Beumont, 2002). Procedure Female participants from an eating recovery center will be picked at random to take a part of this study. The research study will be conducted by the researcher, and researcher assistants. All 100 of the participants will be asked to answer a survey on self-esteem and the ANSOCQ on the first day in meeting room all together and once done they can leave. Fifty of those participants will be randomly selected and chosen to get the once a week intervention for two months. The other fifty will be asked to come back in two months from the first day. On the last day all 100 are to meet at the same time at the meeting room and will be given a survey on self-esteem again as well as the ANSOCQ. The results will only be shared with those whose self-esteem increases after the intervention, in hope that seeing good results they will want to keep on getting interventions every other month until their self-esteem is stable, and they can feel comfortable in their bodies without damaging themselves. Expected Findings It is expected that the group given the intervention will show an increase in self-esteem after unlike the group who will not be getting the intervention. It is also expected that those who were a part of the intervention who showed that they were not ready to recover will show otherwise the second time they take the ANSOCQ.   Discussion The main reason for this study is to see if the intervention will affect the participants in a positive way and help increase their self-esteem as they battle and try to overcome their eating disorder. Eating disorders are not something to joke around or ignore. This study is meant to show that eating disorders are to be taken seriously and that someone around you could be going through it at the moment.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Relationship Between Leaders And Followers On...

I/ Summary In this modern era, leadership plays an important role in an organization. A leader can lead the organization to success or sabotage the organization. Good leaders back in the day mostly required to be skillful with his or her job, charismatic, and able to achieve the organization’s goal. Nowadays, good leaders not only need to be able to do their job precisely, but they should be able to inspire the employees to help achieve the organization’s goal. â€Å"Soft skill† is very important to leader in this century. The leaders need to be able to relate to their employees in order to earn their respect and trust. Throughout this paper, the relationship between leaders and followers will be discussed bases on communication, teamwork and diversity. I was fortunate enough to be able to work at a place with great management. Using the knowledge from my research and my experience, the role of leadership will be demonstrated as following. In Brown’s work from 2005, he describes leadership as â€Å"the demonstration of normatively appropriate conduct through personal actions and interpersonal relationships and the promotion of such conduct to followers through two-way communication, reinforcement and decision-making. Ethical leader behaviors include acting fairly, allowing voice, demonstrating consistency and integrity, taking responsibility for one’s actions, promoting ethical conduct, being concerned for others, and rewarding ethical conduct.† (Brown, 2005) The relationship betweenShow MoreRelatedAuthentic Leadership for Age Diversity800 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership for Age Diversity In the article â€Å"Bridging the Gap Between Gen X and Gen Y: Lessons From Authentic Leadership,† the authors highlight the issues of age diversity with a specific focus on issues between Generation X and Generation Y in the United States. 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Flora failed to listen to her staffs and automatically made assumption as to why she thinks the staffs are suggesting a full-timeRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Issaquah Philharmonic Orchestra1558 Words   |  7 Pages(board relationships), expect (board-management interactions), select (prominent leadership), reflect (organizational results), and respect (owner expectations). In the textbook Organizational Behavior, team effectiveness is determined by performance (achieving intended results) and viability (members satisfied with team experience and willing to continue contributing to team effort) (Kreitner Kinicki, 2013, p. 304). Kreitner and Kinicki (2013, pp. 307, 323) also wrote that effective teamwork dependsRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Issaquah Philharmonic Orchestra1546 Words   |  7 Pages(board relationships), expect (board-management interactions), select (prominent leadership), reflect (organizational results), and respect (owner expectations). 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Those changes have pressure companies to improve their work structure to be more competitive and to the extent that the idea of an effective leadership has come under pressure to change

Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Social Performance Of Apple Incorporation And The...

In the recent years, most business organizations have adopted various strategies that have enhanced the social performance in the society. Corporate social responsibility plays a fundamental role in improving the relationship between a business and the local community (Taylor, 2010). Social performance of a business can ensure that it builds the good reputation among the customers thus improving the sales of the firm. This paper examines the social performance of Apple incorporation and the impact of corporate social responsibility on the multinational business organization. a) The nature, structure and types of products and services provided by Apple Since its inception in the late 1970s, Apple incorporation has brought a tremendous revolution in the field of technology. The multinational firm has received a worldwide acclaim as a consumer electronics provider. Apple incorporation design, develop and sell consumer electronics that includes personal computers, iPhones, and tablets. These electronic products are tailored towards customer needs and preferences thus resulting in high demand. According to Lashinsky (2015), the changing market structure and demands have made Apple produce highly sophisticated electronic products such as advanced iPhones that can compete favorably with other consumer electronics manufacturers such as Samsung and Microsoft. The products are designed to help the customers in communication as well asShow MoreRelatedRole Of An Employee And Manager Is Trust4543 Words   |  19 PagesGreat Place to Work Criteria Great Place to Work Institute is an organization that has been around for over 25 years. During this time they have surveyed millions of employees and have studied thousands of businesses. Through their research they have established the definitive standard on what a great workplace is. 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Box 226, FI ­00045 NOKIA GROUP, Espoo, Finland (Address of principal executive offices) Ëš Kaarina Stahlberg, Vice President, Assistant General Counsel Telephone: +358 (0)7 1800 ­8000, Facsimile: +358 (0) 7 1803 ­8503 KeilalahdentieRead MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 PagesOur thanks go to Janice Nunn for all the effort that she put in to the preparation of the manuscript. Strategic Marketing Management Planning, implementation and control Third edition Richard M.S. 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Friday, May 15, 2020

The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay - 1865 Words

This essay will be examining the key concepts of the ‘Enlightenment’ also known as â€Å"The Age of Reasonâ€Å" that occurred from the 16th and 17th century, before considering the manner in which it helped to shape the sociological view on societies and how it has linked to the birth of sociology. Before doing so I will give a brief historical context. All the profound questioning that emerged during the Enlightenment came out of the undermining of the old Catholic authority over all social truth that was produced by the Reformation when Luther (1483 –1546) and others had challenged this over-arching authority with the idea that each of us had our own personal relationship with God. This meant that we had to turn to ourselves and use our own†¦show more content†¦Such immaturity is self-caused if it is not caused by lack of intelligence, but by lack of determination and courage to use ones intelligence without being guided by another†. (Calhoun and Gerteis 2007, p.39). Both Kant and Descartes, and others of the enlightenment, were seeking to ensure a new rational basis for making judgements about ethics, epistemology and reason, and for these two, that basis was to be found in the autonomous use of reason. The beginnings of questions about society emerged with new ideas about the social contract and political order (Locke, Rousseau and Hobbes) and initiated the liberal condition. Before such questionings, ‘society’, often called the ‘common-wealth’, was assumed to be either divine or naturally ordered so this is how the idea of ‘society’ as separated from church, the individual became established in the first place. One of the important consequences of this new spirit of reason that really inflamed the enlightenment was the French Revolution in 1789 which stimulated the most profound level analyses of society, history and everything else (IEP 2004). There were also critics of enlightenment. The enlightenment has come under attack from Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) a German philosopher of 19th century, critiques the ideology of the enlightenment concerning Anthropology (Being) andShow MoreRelatedThe British Enlightenment And The American Revolution1538 Words   |  7 PagesAmerican Revolution was a product of the British Enlightenment as well as both American and British history. The Enlightenment was age of innovation taking place during the 17th and 18th centuries. During this period there were great advancements in science that pushed back religious superstitions, as well as developments in economics and political thinking. (lecture) The British Enlightenment specifically had a large impact on the American Revolution with key figures such as John Locke. His works includingRead MoreInfluence Of Enlightenment On The American Revolution898 Words   |  4 Pages The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolu tion and the formation of the American Government in several different ways. The Enlightenment period initiated several new ideas about freedoms and rights. These ideas were discussed in meetings called salons in France, where they discussed new ideas. There were many influential philosophers from the enlightenment periods, Thomas Hobbes, Montesquieu, Adam Smith, Voltaire, John Locke, and Rousseau. Thomas Hobbes believed that all peopleRead MoreThe Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Essay1696 Words   |  7 PagesExplore parallels between ideas of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment This essay will explore parallels between the ideas of the scientific revolution and the enlightenment. The scientific revolution describes a time when great changes occurred in the way the universe was viewed, d through the advances of sciences during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The enlightenment refers to a movement that grew out of the new scientific ideas of the revolution that occurred in the lateRead MoreThe French Revolution And The Enlightenment1471 Words   |  6 PagesThrough bloodshed, the radical actions of the French Revolution sparked by philosophies of Enlightenment, will impact the future. Historical figures such as Robespierre heading the Great Assembly will drive change in culture through the revolution, in hopes of achieving enlightened societies. The 18th century marks the beginning of modern history. The French revolution playing a role in furthering Enlightenment, will led to a chain of events that will change the course of the future and modernize theRead MoreThe Enlightenment : Main Ideas Of The Enlightenment800 Words   |  4 Pagesanother prominent theme of the Enlightenment. By this, we mean the idea that man is endowed with certain liberties or rights. These rights were believed to have been granted by God and/or nature. Enlightenment figures typically espoused ideas of equality and human dignity. The Enlightenment had individual freedom with certain unalienable rights is very much in line with the Enlightenment concept about individual freedom.In addition Enlightenment philosophers main idea was too write about differentRead MoreKarl Marx And Manifesto Comparison Essay1402 Words   |  6 Pagesperception of things and ideas. They had their own ideas that helped shaped the practices and things that people do today. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Fagbaf - 1190 Words

Despite having a prescription for a specific brand medication, we are often served a generic drug and, often but not always, told that it is â€Å"the same† but less expensive. Is it really? Some generics of old medications such as the benzodiazepines and the tricyclics are really inexpensive, with most of the bill going toward pharmacy costs. As an example, the price of a low dose of amitriptyline for the management of chronic pain for 1 month is probably not much more than that of a cappuccino in a fancy bistro. In contrast, the savings on newer molecules introduced immediately after patent expiration are not that considerable. This is, in part, due to the fact that generic companies, like brand companies, are in the business to make money.†¦show more content†¦The only tryptophan intoxication cases recorded in Canada were individuals who had purchased tryptophan supplements from the United States. As a result, tryptophan was never removed from the market in Canada. The subsequent introduction of a generic for tryptophan aborted a double-blind study in our research unit on the effectiveness of a Visken-Tryptan (pindolol-tryptophan) augmentation in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder who were not responding to a serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Indeed, the producer of the original tryptophan, with an already limited market, decided not to fund the study, as would be expected from a business point of view. Limited patent life may obviously restrict research investments. The cessation of research funding by large pharmaceutical firms after the expiration of their patent for a brand medication is a major setback for research at large. Indeed, quality of life and life expectancy have markedly increased in the last century, in part, due to advances in pharmacology fueled by drug development by pharmaceutical firms. Enormous amounts of money are invested in drug development, but an infinitesimal number of all the compounds synthesized and tested eventually make it to the market. Although scrutiny has to be exerted to prevent brand companies from over-pricing new drugs, there should also be rigorous surveillance of cost setting for

Home-Based Activities for Children Supporting Equality...

Task 5.2 Home-based activities supporting equality and inclusion Among the activities that can be done with children at home, it is helping out with simple household chores that prove to be very useful as it develops not only cognitive learning in children, but it also inculcates important values that adults would want to impart to the children. A simple activity for a child in the house would be to help him/her identify and recognize household items. The adult can help promote learning by labeling everyday things that the adult and/or child usually use at home. For example, a mother could label the refrigerator, kitchen utensils like plates, spoon, fork, and glass, as well as computer, chairs, tables, and other big home items so that the child would be able to recognize the object and name it correctly as well. In the early stages of development, a child, through this activity, would be able to recognize shapes, colors, and even words and letters as s/he becomes familiar with the order of letters associated with the object, how it is called or pronounced, and later on, be familiar with the spelling of the word itself. Another activity centers on the ability of the child to identify, recognize, sort, and organize. This activity requires more physical engagement as the child is encouraged to identify objects that the adult has classified to belong to a particular group. The grouping could be in terms of the objects, shape, color, or placement in the house. The child willShow MoreRelatedEquality Diversity Inclusion1538 Words   |  7 Pages1.1 Explain what is meant by. Equality Equality is treating people fairly and making sure that everyone is given a fair chance and that their individual needs are met. It’s about giving all sections of the community equal access to employment, education and other services that are provided whilst valuing and respecting them. Recognising that different sections of the community require specific measures to make sure they receive equality. 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Risk Management in Project Management The Eagle Boys

Question: Describe about the Risk Management in Project Management for The Eagle Boys. Answer: Introduction The following assignment is going to focus on the Australian enterprise Eagle Boys for accomplishing the aim of the project, which is to establish a risk management plan. In time of preparing the risk management plan, the assignment is going to consider the risk management design set by the standard of Australian and New Zealand. Overview of Eagle Boys Eagle boys are known to be one of the leading fast food chains of Australia that specializes in selling pizza. Therefore, the enterprise is fundamentally a private company in the field of restaurant service with annual revenue of $8.27 million according to the year 2015 ( 2016). Currently, the enterprise runs its business with near about 8000 employees in 350 outlets nationally. Internal stakeholders and their concerns regarding risk management Internal stakeholders Concerns regarding risk management Employees (in house support office staffs, team members) Increase self awareness, monitor own flaws and communicate with other stakeholders about the identified problems Investors or shareholders, Individual franchise owners Monitor risks by assessing risks with the management and engage in more effective investment Suppliers To verify every time supplying orders to the company, do background check and market research Management Conduct frequent risk assessment programs, monitor employee activity, stay conscious about external market trend, form applicable strategies Table 1: Internal stakeholders (Source: As created by author) External stakeholders and their concerns regarding risk management External stakeholders Concerns regarding risk management Customers Prior to become customers it is customers would stay well-informed about the company, should stay aware of any news regarding the company and would pass feedbacks FSANZ (Food Standard Australian New Zealand) and Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Council Make frequent survey on the company and extend their hands for any consultation, investigate whether the company is obeying all the standards or not Media channels Stay well aware, provide information about any upcoming enterprise in the same sector Table 2: External stakeholders (Source: As created by author) Review of Eagle Boys risk in terms of Political Political unrest in the nation and frequent policy change give birth to social, economic and cultural unrest. For Eagle Boys, risk would arise when they could not find support from the existing political parties and their policies. For example, sudden change in taxation policy or monetary policy would not be easy for the company to accept. Economic Sudden recession or downfall in the GDP rate in Australia would be a potential cause of risk for Eagle Boys, as it will increase suppliers demand, which will lead to high cost production. Social Emergence of any social and cultural struggle between the migrants and the aboriginals would be harmful, as this would largely affect on the consistent business operations for Eagle Boys Legal Change regarding the food business policies set by FSANZ would bring risk for the current organizational culture of Eagle Boys. The newly founded regulations may not found befitting for the organizational purpose of the company Technical If the rate of technological advancement would decrease in Australia, the enterprise has to increase the number of employees all of a sudden, which will not prove cost effective Environmental Any environmental hazard will bring potential damage on the outlets. It will thereafter open the way for huge investment for repairing or establishing new ones. Moreover, climatic calamity could harm farming activity, which will reduce the number of suppliers. Strength and weakness of Eagle Boys risk management practices Strength They keep records of previous risks and issues and compare them with any currently recognized risk They use resolution planning process and QA deliverables of vendor Frequent risk assessment meetings Weakness No use of Traceability matrix No procedures for test Lack of the activity of ramping up the inputs regarding test and no employee engagement in decision making process Outline of the following particulars in terms risk management plan Considering the strength and weakness of Eagle Boys risk management practice, a convenient plan would be, the company should use Traceability matrix and include their employees in the decision making process. Success factor Employee engagement in the decision-making will help to get new ideas and at the same time will support the employees to increase their self-awareness. A positive interaction between the employee and management will take place Goals and objectives Goal of the plan will be to acquire employee opinions and valid information about the recognized risks. Therefore, the objective will be to make proper use of Traceability matrix and to have employee engagement in risk assessment. Techniques used to research risks Brainstorming Checklist analysis (Hopkin 2014) Diagramming techniques Assumption technique Use of risk assessment matrix Risks Frequency of occurrence Consequences Environmental hazard Occasional Critical Recession Likely Critical Political uncertainty Unlikely Moderate Cultural unrest Unlikely Marginal Emergence of any new rival Definite Moderate Internal hazard Likely Marginal Table 3: Risk assessment matrix (Source: As created by author) Prioritizing risks for treatment Risks Risk value Prioritization New rival group High Do first Recession Medium Do last Lack of suppliers Serious Do second Political problem Low Avoid Internal hazards Serious Do first Table 4: Risk prioritization (Source: As created by author) Selection of two risks and options for treating them Two pivotal risks Options for treatment Internal conflict (employee conflict, discrimination, production hazard) The most convenient way to mitigate this risk would be to formulate a special team of managers whose responsibility would be to only monitor the employee performances. Moreover, the company could also try to implement a suggestion or feedback box for the employees (McNeil et al. 2015). Emergence of rival group The best possible way to avoid this risk would be to implement new attracting policies for the customers like, lucrative discount, gift voucher, one to one offer and loyalty card. Table 5: Risk mitigation (Source: As created by author) Action plan One risk Required action Responsible person Time line Monitoring process Communication Internal conflict Implement of a new management team Director of operations One month Frequent visit to the work or production floor and evaluate employee feedbacks (Pritchard and PMP 2014) Communication with CEO and other authorial figures Table 6: Action plan (Source: As created by author) Required documentation To implement the risk management plan, the following documents will be required A list enlisting previous hazards and their mitigation procedure A list comprising working record and performance matrix of exiting individual employee A document holding thorough market research (Sadgrove 2016) Recent data regarding suppliers and customers demand Process for implementing and monitoring proposed plan For implementing proposed plan, initially the entire management will coordinate with shareholders and then plan for the risk assessment meetings. Thereafter, the management will need to flow down the information to each section of employees in the company (Sadgrove 2016). Through the integration process, required changes will be accumulated. Finally, a review and re-measurement process will be exercised to monitor the proposed plan. Process to evaluate success Keep track of time to time results Meetings among management, employees and shareholder in every two months Statistical analysis and bench mark report Customer feedback Insurance available to Eagle Boys Property insurance Insurance on business interruption Products liability insurance Insurance on machinery breakdown ( 2016) It is note in this context that for Eagle boys, some of the most convenient insurances are only provided by the East and West Insurance Brokers from Australia. References Eagle boys. 2016.About us. [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 Nov. 2016]. East West Insurance Brokers. 2016.Restaurant Insurance Brisbane - Cafe Restaurant | EWIB. [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 Nov. 2016]. Hopkin, P., 2014.Fundamentals of risk management: understanding, evaluating and implementing effective risk management. Kogan Page Publishers. McNeil, A.J., Frey, R. and Embrechts, P., 2015.Quantitative risk management: Concepts, techniques and tools. Princeton university press. Pritchard, C.L. and PMP, P.R., 2014.Risk management: concepts and guidance. CRC Press. Sadgrove, K., 2016.The complete guide to business risk management. Routledge.